Nitrogen is a very important nutrient for plants. Help in many functions and growth of plants. Plants obtain nitrogen from the soil which is formed by the breakdown of organic matter. Or you can say that nitrogen in the soil is formed by the decomposition of organic matter and is formed in the soil. Because it is very important for the plant and its quantity is decreasing day by day.
To meet the needs of the plant, it is mixed in the soil as per the requirement. Artificially nitrogen is given in the form of urea, ammonium sulfate, sulfate of ammonia and NPK. Today, fertilizers of nitrogen given in the form of chemicals in the soil definitely benefit the plants, but they invite many types of damages.
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Like giving excessive amount of nitrogen causes damage to flowers and fruits in plants. The particles of urea which are not absorbed by the plants, they get leached out and contaminate the water inside the ground as well as emit green house gas by mixing in the air. It is clear that if the fertilizer used is not used properly then we should be prepared to suffer a lot of loss if we go.
Due to excessive indiscriminate and unbalanced use of urea, problems like deterioration in soil health, human health and lack of quality food are coming. Plants get only 30-40 percent of the urea given in the crop the rest gets wasted in water and atmosphere. Keeping in view the present environment it is very important to protect the soil from various diseases.
So that there is no loss of fertility of the soil. For this, there is a need to reduce the improper and unbalanced amount of urea used in crops otherwise the beneficial bacteria and micro-organisms present in the soil will become extinct and in their presence the various diseases occurring in the soil. The processes of decomposition and dissolution etc. will be adversely affected. Due to which a large part of nutrients and mineral salts will not be available to the plants.
Therefore, there is a need for balanced use of urea in order to get high yields of good quality from the crops. For this, along with urea in crops, there is ample scope for the use of other sources that provide nutrients to the plants.
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Despite the use of excessive urea, our crop production is not increasing. The obvious reason for this is over-exploitation of available nutrients in the soil, intensive cropping system and lack of micronutrients along with lack of biomass.
Improper use of urea in agriculture has also become a big problem for the environment. As a result, the emission of greenhouse gases such as methane and nitrous oxide from paddy fields increases in the atmosphere. To reduce the dependence on urea and maintain good soil health, we have to adopt less expensive and advanced technologies.
Due to excessive use of urea, problems like reduction in soil fertility and quality of crop products, weather inequalities and decrease in productivity are coming to the fore. At the same time, air and water pollution is increasing continuously due to unbalanced use of urea.
As a result, human health is also being adversely affected. At the same time crop productivity is also stagnant or declining. Improper and unbalanced use of urea has put a question mark on the success of the Green Revolution. Green revolution was necessary once, but urea is being used so much that now the ill effects are visible.
Nitrogen, phosphorus and potash are being used in an uncertain proportion in many agricultural areas of the country. In some areas this ratio is 9:2:1. Excessive use of urea in agriculture is also having an adverse effect on the physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil.
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Apart from all these things, we will discuss in this article today what other options can be there. The scientists of our country have manufactured or prepared a fertilizer named Nano Urea, which can be obtained full benefit by giving very little quantity in letters.
India has become the first country in the world where Nano Liquid Urea has been launched. It has been prepared by IFFCO, a cooperative organization of farmers. This will make it easier for the farmers to give urea in their fields and the crop will also get more benefit. Waste of urea which goes waste in the fields will also be stopped.
Launching Nano Urea IFFCO said that India is the first country in the world to do so. IFFCO MD described this product as a gift to the farmers. This half liter (500 ml) box will do the same thing as 45 kg. Wali used to make sacks of urea. Nitrogen is needed for the growth of any plant or crop. Urea is the biggest source of nitrogen in current farming, but hardly 30 to 40 percent of the amount of urea used in the field is used for plants.
The rest goes to the air and soil, what goes into the air causes greenhouse gases that are harmful to the environment. On the other hand, what escapes into the soil makes the soil acidic and contaminates the underground water. Nano urea can overcome all these shortcomings.
The plant takes ordinary urea in the form of an ion, while nano urea is taken in the form of a particle. A particle is a group of ions. An ion is a state of reactive (a state of a chemical reaction whose chemical properties change when it mixes with other substances), while a particle is a stable state.
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Being in a stable form, the particles reach inside the plant and release nitrogen, due to which the plant is able to absorb nitrogen very well. Ordinary urea comes in the form of white granules and is sprayed on the crop. These granules are hydrolyzed. The plants then receive it in the oven, while nanoparticles (nanoparticles) of liquid urea, the size of a billionth of a meter, enter the plant directly.
The nationwide trial of this product was started in India in the year 2019. In the fields of 11000 farmers of 30 agro-climatic zones of the country, it will do the same work for 2 years on 04 crops, which is 45 kg. Wali used to make sacks of urea.
Nitrogen is needed for the growth of any plant or crop. Urea is the biggest source of nitrogen in current farming, but hardly 30 to 40 percent of the amount of urea used in the field is used for plants. The rest goes to the air and soil, what goes into the air causes greenhouse gases that are harmful to the environment. On the other hand, what escapes into the soil makes the soil acidic and contaminates the underground water. Nano urea can overcome all these shortcomings.
The hard work and research of a farmer’s son is behind this product which has brought a big change in agriculture, the name is Dr. Ramesh Raliya. This type of urea has been launched in liquid form for the first time in the world. Indian Farmers Fertilizer Cooperative Limited (IFFCO) dedicated this Nano Urea Liquid to the farmers on 31st May. The research and hard work of Dr. Ramesh Raliya is behind IFFCO’s Nano Urea Liquid. Such type of scientist always honoured the country.
Source: Iffco.in, Lots of information from News Magazines