Top 10 Air cleaning plants for your Home, Office & Garden
Plants are a good source of Oxygen and they absorb the toxicity present all around them, thus they clean the atmosphere for the good. Also You would be glad to know that some plants actually act as an air purifier which cleans the air and makes it fresh & pure for us to breathe. According to NASA who conducted a Clean Air Study, found out that some plants are effective at filtering chemicals & pollutants from the air.
People stay indoors to keep themselves away from pollution but it can never be the solution because you can’t stay indoors always and the worst thing is that the indoor air is far more toxic than the outdoor air.
Are you wondering where these toxic chemicals come from inside the house?
Well, it can be from many household items like paints, carpets, glues, furniture wax, synthetic materials or from fluids like cleaning liquids, etc. And not just inside the home, similar types of examples are there outside, probably gardens or offices. Here we will learn about
10 air purifying plants which we should keep around us to breathe in pure air as well as gather some positive energy through it.
Air cleaning plants – Growing conditions & Recommendations
Air cleaning plants require ideal conditions to grow. It requires very little care depending on the medium on which they are grown in, like water, soil or coco peat. They require well lit conditions, some nutrients or plant feed in the soil, or some mixed coco peat in the soil to keep aeration & moisture in the roots. Also, application of insecticides & fungicides every month creates favourable conditions for its growth.
The modern life that we are living has major side effects because of reduced airflow and this can cause health issues such as asthma. Also, the modern furnishings and synthetic materials contain chemicals which create air pollution. These toxins can be removed from the air through plants which are cost effective and don’t even require energy as air purifiers.
Although air purifying plants can be a good choice, not choosing it wisely can be harmful. Also, the increase in plants can encourage mold growths and affect humidity.
Benefits of Air purifying plants
Plants, in general, increase productivity, and enhance concentration by producing positive energy all around. It helps lower stress and fatigue .
Air purifying plants are the natural method to clean the toxicity from the air being very cost effective.
Some of the benefits of air purifying plants are:
- It lowers toxic Carbon dioxide levels
- It reduces airborne dust levels
- It helps to lower background noise
- It keeps air temperature down
- It reduces level of pollutants such as benzene and nitrogen dioxide
- It removes toxins from air
10 Air purifying plants
Here is a list of the 10 air purifying plants.
- Aloe Vera
It is a beneficial plant which not only cleanse the air of benzene and formaldehyde but also absorbs Carbon dioxide & Carbon monoxide from the air. It is a short plant, and easy to grow and maintain. It can grow in moist soil with mild sunlight. It is a vigorous spreader which can be grown from the shoots itself. Its gel contains antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and wound healing properties and it also helps to maintain a great complexion.
- Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum)
It is known to be the best cleansing plant to remove common household toxins. Like Aloe Vera, it also cleanses the air of benzene and formaldehyde and provides us with pure air to breathe. It grows upto 3 feet tall with big green & glossy leaves and pretty white flowers. It only needs dappled sunlight with consistent moisture to grow. It also cleanse the indoor pollutants that are emitted from the electronics, furniture, or any other household or synthetic materials.
- Snake plant (Sansevieria)
This plant is also called ‘Mother in Law’s Tongue’. It is a very low maintenance plant and is super easy to grow because it can adapt to different conditions making it perfect for our home office. It only requires a free draining soil and it can survive in low light and humid conditions, perfectly suited for bathrooms. It can also be kept in bedrooms and living rooms. It grows upright with a crisp appearance. It filters out formaldehyde, benzene, toluene, xylene and trichloroethylene from the air. It can sustain without watering for many days.
- English Ivy (Hedera Helix)
English ivies are beautiful trailing plants which can be hung from the ceiling or wall, or from shelves as well. It looks very great in hanging baskets. It does best when it is placed in small containers and densely packed conditions. It is ideal for bathrooms and can purify the air of mould, formaldehyde and benzene. It is a little high maintenance plant as it attracts pests if it doesn’t receive sufficient light and it doesn’t prefer standing water. It has the ability to remove over 55% of the toxins present in the air, and that’s why it is one of the most useful air purifying plants, apart from being a high maintenance plant. It is used in many respiratory conditions, like asthma as it contains medicinal properties too.
- Bamboo palm
Bamboo palm is also known as Butterfly Palm or Areca Palm. This plant can grow from 4 to 12 feet tall and 3 to 5 feet wide if provided enough space. It is placed in indirect sunlight and watered when the surface becomes dry. It needs moist soil with good air circulation. It requires regular pruning as it grows rapidly. It is a hardy plant and filters benzene, formaldehyde and trichloroethylene from air. It is also a natural humidifier which becomes more useful during the dry winter season. It is a non toxic plant, so it’s safe for pets as well.
- Spider plant (Chlorophytum comosum)
Spider plants are the most adaptable house plants. They are very easy to care for and can sustain in low light. They are low maintenance, non toxic, air purifying and trailing plants. The plants grow well in humid and dry environments and require periodical watering particularly once a week. They have long grass-like leaves and produce ‘spiderettes’ which can be cut off to replant. It can remove 95% of formaldehyde in a sealed chamber in just 24 hours.
- Devil’s Ivy or Pothos (Epipremnum aureum)
These plants grow in indirect sunlight and only require water when they become dry. Over watering can turn the leaves to yellow and rot the shallow roots. They remain green under near darkness. They can grow in different environmental conditions and different mediums. They are trailing plants and can be shaped to make beautiful compositions. It clears out benzene, formaldehyde, xylene, and toluene from air.
- Weeping Fig or Ficus
This is a long lasting and low maintenance leafy plant which is known to remove pollutants generated from furniture, curtains or carpets. It requires bright indirect light and takes a longer time to grow during initial stages but then grows significantly improving the air quality. It grows upto a height of 2 to 10 feet and requires weekly watering. It is able to remove around 47.4% of chemicals like formaldehyde from the air.
- Boston Fern (Nephrolepis exaltata)
These are popular houseplants and are easily available. It requires extra humidity and it should be watered whenever it becomes dry. It removes formaldehyde from the air which are in air fresheners, upholstery and in certain nail varnishes. It has sword shaped fronds which can be grown in a hanging basket or pedestal. It is kept near windows, balconies, and patios exposed to indirect sunlight. It should be misted regularly and the fronds should be trimmed to regenerate and grow. It removes xylene and toluene too from the air.
- Money plant (Epipremnum aureum)
It is a popular houseplant and is considered the best air purifying plant. It is believed that money plants bring good luck, happiness, wealth and prosperity to home. It can be grown in water filled bottles and soil. It’s difficult to kill and so it’s also called devil’s vine. It removes pollutants,benzene, xylene and formaldehyde from air. They require regular pruning as they propagate rapidly.
These were the 10 air purifying plants which can be planted anywhere indoors or outdoors. Some plants are toxic to pets, so it is recommended to get a clear understanding about plants before keeping them at your home, workplace or gardens if you have pets. Every plant has a different property and requirements, so it should be clearly known beforehand to avoid problems.
Air purifying plants are cost effective and are easy to maintain so everyone can keep 1-2 plants around them to keep themselves free of pollutants and breathe in fresh and pure air.