Importance And Prospects of BT Brinjal
What is BT is Brinjal ?
Basically Fruit and stem borer disease free crop in Brinjal is called BT Brinjal. It is popular by the people that FSBR which is developed through genetic engineering. Contrary to what these terms are used for BT does not refer to a biotechnology technique but to a bacterium called Bacillus thuringiensis which is found in soil.
The cry-1ac gene produces insecticidal proteins that pierce stems leaves and fruits on furrows such as eggplants. This controls the larvae of the ones that live on and eat them. This protein is toxic to insects but poses no threat to humans and animals.
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Over the years, several crops have been developed that can produce BT protein on their own and protect themselves against certain pests. BT Brinjal has also been developed from similar genetic engineering which has the same resistance to FSB. Efforts are going on to make new dimensions of technology disease-free according to the crops and will continue.
What is FSB?
First of all we need to know what is FSB? In fact, FSB is the most damaging pest of Brinjal. FSB is a small larva that penetrates the tender part of the stem and eats the inside making it dry.
At the same time it makes holes on the new and tender fruits and makes them hollow from inside which is not edible for human beings. Due to which the fruit is not sellable in the market. FSB does damage from sowing till its harvesting.
What exactly is genetic engineering?
Genetic engineering refers to the system of introducing specific genes into the properties of plants to develop specific traits these genes can be taken from other plants or any other organism. In traditional life the genes of one class of vegetation are combined.
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Where as genetic engineering involves the use of modern biotechnology to breed useful properties which is difficult with traditional methods. In fact the generation of plants that can withstand natural calamities such as drought, pest and disease resistant and subsequent development of life-enhancing species after harvesting increase in nutritional value and healthy benefits etc.
Traditional breeding is the purpose of both branches. All in all it can be said that the process of developing new varieties in an artificial way is also possible with the combined effort of genetic engineering.
In fact BT Brinjal prevents damage to crops by stem and fruit borer pests. It is an effective solution from environmental and economic point of view. The fry-1ac protein developed in Brinjal fruit is similar in structure and similar to the soil-derived cry-1a protein.
BT Brinjal prevents damage to crops by stem and fruit borer. It is an effective solution from environmental and economic point of view. The fry-1ac protein developed in Brinjal fruit is similar in structure and similar to the soil-derived cry-1a protein.
How is the resistance of FSB suitable for farmers and consumers?
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FSB is an important pest which leaves no stone unturned to completely destroy the Brinjal crop. Once this disease occurs in the plants the crop suffers a lot. For its prevention many types of drugs and chemicals are used which are dangerous for the farmer as well as the consumer. Even after extreme care if the disease is caught then the crops are adversely affected. Market price becomes too much work. By using this type of Brinjal such type of disease can be saved.
What is the difference between BT technology and conventional insecticides?
Conventional insecticides are generally used on crops to destroy pests. There are several drawbacks to this method. Once the insect has penetrated through the fruit, then the use of insecticides is not fruitful. That’s why farmers use pesticides again and again, which not only harms the environment, it is also harmful for the health of the farmer and the consumer. The use of insecticides is also not suitable for beneficial animals.
Evidence of the preparation of the bacterium Pacillus thuringiensis to combat the pest is available in sufficient quantity in BT Brinjal plant. It has been observed that spraying of conventional insecticides has only 30 percent effect on fruit and stem borer insects whereas it is 100 percent effective in BT Brinjal.
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The use of BT Brinjal changes production costs and profits, the following benefits can be achieved by using BT Brinjal.
- When BT Brinjal is used along with best farming practices, it has the potential to produce more healthy fruits than conventional farming. Due to higher production, the income of the farmers increases.
- As FSBR Brinjal requires the least amount of pesticides, farmers can have very less frequent exposure to pesticides.
- Under the process of distribution through the public distribution system the economically weaker farmers can get seeds of high quality cheaply. Due to this the cost of production can be reduced and it can remain constant. Whatever process the farmers are using for the current species/hybrid varieties they can continue to do the same action in this also.
BT Brinjal is safe for human body.
BT Brinjal is similar in appearance and nutritional value to the traditional Brinjal. It contains the FSB-restricted BT protein. BT Brinjal is just as nutritious as traditional Brinjal.
This is evident from the experiments conducted on different animals. Evidence has been given that there is no poisonous component in BT Brinjal by the experiments done on different species like fish, rooster, rabbit, goat, rat, buffalo etc.
Apart from FSB insects which pests are BT Brinjal effective against?
BT Brinjal is particularly effective against fruit and stem borer insects. Balance It is not effective for controlling other pests. Due to this beneficial bacteria and micro-organisms are not affected as in the case of spraying of other insecticides.
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Do BT Brinjal pollens have any effect on other plants?
Directly from field tests, it has been revealed that BT Brinjal pollen has passed from Brinjal plant to plant, yet there is no adverse effect on any other plant due to genetically different.
Due to the cry-1ac gene, there is no change in the structure of the plant, due to which other properties remain in the plant. No adverse effect of BT Brinjal on biodiversity is expected.
How BT Brinjal is beneficial for the environment?
The use of BT Brinjal reduces the use of pesticides. Because of this the chances of getting the constituents of pesticides in the field land and ground water are very less. Due to this the environment can be protected.
Due to the limited use of pesticides more diversity in fauna has been found in the countries where BT Brinjal has been produced. The sole purpose behind the origin of BT Brinjal is to eliminate the FSB pest completely, as there is no threat to any beneficial animal or animal other than FSB.
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BT Brinjal seeds are very cheap and can be easily available to small and medium farmers at affordable prices. The open sale of seeds is to be done to the farmers through the public distribution system set up in the agricultural colleges of the state.
These colleges have over many years of experience in the delivery system reaching small and medium farmers. Quantities of seeds will be sent by the private sector to small and gum farmers in India, Bangladesh and the Philippines who want to use hybrid seeds.
These things are not factual at all. Through traditional varieties, BT Brinjal is going to be available to farmers through different agricultural colleges and agricultural institutions at low prices. This variety is qualitatively similar to the varieties currently used by farmers, only BT seed with FSB resistance can be reproduced from different types.
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The farmer can prepare the seeds for the next crop in the current crop. It is necessary to take only hybrid seeds separately for each crop. Farmers are still doing the same for years for hybrid seeds.