How to prepare best Kitchen Garden?
In today’s time, everyone has become conscious about their health. We want to use all those things in food which are full of nutrients. But the kind of vegetables and fruits available in the market now, they benefit less and harm more.
There are many reasons for the damage, such as the use of fertilizers in the production of vegetables. These fertilizers are chemical and to bring a lot of growth in fruits and vegetables. They change their properties by many chemical processes.
So the question arises that how do we take care of our health? When we do not have good quality fruits and vegetables? Then the most important solution is the kitchen garden. If we have 400 to 700 square feet space available in our home backyard. We can produce the vegetables we need. In such a place, we can produce vegetables for ourselves and our family.
In which at least or more than 6 people, we can produce vegetables in this space. The production of these vegetables should not cost much. And you can organically get fresh fruits and vegetables every day. In this article we will see how we can make our nutritious garden.
The practice of vegetable and fruit production in the nutrition garden is going on since ancient times. For good health, it is very important to have balanced nutrition in the daily diet. Fruits and vegetables play an important role in maintaining this balance, as they are good sources of vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
Nevertheless, it is necessary that regular availability of these fruits and vegetables should be maintained in daily life. On the land available around the house, by producing healthy and quality favorite vegetables, fruits under the care and management of self and family member can be done .
According to food experts and scientists, an adult person should eat 85 grams of fruits and 300 grams of vegetables daily for a balanced diet. In which about 125 grams of green leafy vegetables, 100 grams of vegetables and 75 grams of other types of vegetables should be consumed.
But at present their availability is only 145 grams. In the nutrition garden growing vegetables is beneficial from many points of view. In this, the selection of the place ensures the selection of varieties on the basis of the situation. The size of the nutrition garden depends on the availability of land and the number of individuals. Normally to cater to a family of 4-5 persons, for this, 400-600 square meters of land is sufficient.
How can you select the site for the for Nutrition Garden?
There are limited choice in site selection for nutrition garden. Always the final choice is the backyard of the house. It is a convenient location as family members can spend their free time meditating on vegetables and water can be easily diverted from the kitchen and bathroom to the nutrition garden. The size of the garden depends on the availability of land and the number of persons. In general, a right angle garden is preferred over a square one.
The water coming out of kitchen and bathroom along with clean water can be used in the nutrition garden, which will not only utilize the collected unusable water, as well as get rid of the pollution caused by it and the vegetables produced will be free from pesticides. Water must be free from chemicals & pesticides.
How can you prepare for planting a nutritional garden?
First 30-40 cm. Remove stone bushes and waste weeds from the garden and mix 100 kg earthworm manure in the soil, 45 cm as per requirement. or 60 cm Build a bund or bed at a distance.
How to sowing seeds or planting?
Few examples of directly sown vegetables like okra, bean and cowpea etc can be sown by making bunds or beds. Two plants 30 cm. should be placed at a distance of Onion, Mint and Coriander can be grown at the higher place of the garden.
Tomato, brinjal and chilli etc. can be prepared in nursery and planted in the garden. In nursery. 250 grams powder of neem pods can be made and sprayed. To prevent ants, tomato, brinjal and chilli should be kept 30-45 cm apart. Placed at a distance. Plants are irrigated on the third day after planting. The main objective of the nutrition garden is to meet the domestic vegetable requirement throughout the year.
How can you weed out from your garden?
The most important things for the plant are sunlight and water. If you want to get the best vegetables from your nutritional garden, you will need to till the soil of your garden regularly. Mowing increases the friability of the soil, as well as increases the oxygen content in the soil. The basic purpose of this thing is to aerate the soil.
Always irrigate in view of the weather in the nutrition garden. Reduce the amount of water in the rainy season. In the summer season, you will need to water in the morning and evening. Plants do not require much water during the frosty season, yet keep giving light amounts of water to the plants after 2-3 days so that your plants do not die of frost.
How can you select the pesticides?
If you want, you can make organic pesticides for use in the nutrition garden. For this, you can also use insecticide made from neem leaves or wood ash. You bring mustard cakes available in the market and keep it to soak overnight, then make a paste by adding 10 grams of paste in 100 liters of water and make a solution, add 10 grams per plant per week.
Regular care is necessary for the nutrition garden, so that the plants need water, need fertilizer, we will know when it is and our nutrition garden will also be fine.
How to choose best vegetables & fruits for your garden?
Choose such a place in the back of the house where sunlight reaches, because the growth of the plant is due to sunlight only. Plants need 5-6 hours of sunlight every day. Therefore so please keep in your mind that do not make your garden in a shaded place.
Know that there is a sufficient amount of water in the soil of the nurturing garden. Also, arrange for regular drainage as too much or too little water is harmful for the plants.
Prepare the soil well. If there is stone in the soil, remove it and also mix manure etc. in the soil. Choose the fruits and vegetables you want to grow first. The soil, climate and their daily needs should be taken into consideration while selecting the plant.
Choose the fruits and vegetables you want to grow first. When choosing a plant, keep in mind the soil, climate and their daily needs. Your plants will need a lot of parenting in the early stages. You should give them the nutrients according to the plant.
It is very important to water the plant regularly. Especially when the plant is small, it needs a lot of water, because their roots are not deep enough to absorb water from the soil.
Prepare a good design and layout of your garden You should be aware of which plant you want to plant and where. This will make your garden look organized. Also, this will make the maintenance of the garden easier.
What can you grow in your nutrition garden?
There are many other plants that you can grow in your garden, such as Garlic, Basil, Cabbage, Oregano, Lettuce, Ginger, Tomato, Pea, Carrot Mircha, Brinjal, Banana, Mint, Green Coriander, Radish and Bitter Gourd Luffy and You can grow vegetables like gourd etc. in your nutrition garden.
Benefits of planting a nutritional garden
- The vacant land around the house is put to good use.
- Waste water and garbage of the house is put to good use. Favorite vegetables are available.
- Healthy quality and cheap vegetables, fruits and flowers are available throughout the year.
- There is savings in family expenses. One does not have to go elsewhere to buy vegetables. You can use them by breaking them at the time as per your wish.
Be it fresh basil leaves or curry leaves, it is easily available in your home if you have a nutritional drama. You don’t have to go out for these little ones and you can use them any time you want.
Nowadays, vegetables coated with pesticides are available in the market. But the vegetables grown in your nutrition garden are fresh and are also very beneficial for health.
Gardening reduces stress and your mind is in the same Keeps busy, due to which you are not able to think about things here and there. The whippings are less. Pests etc. are born less due to having a nutritional garden in the house because the free space is utilized properly. Also, some special types of plants are capable of driving away insects such as marigold plants.
Points to note a nutritional garden
Make a compost pit on one side of the garden in which household waste can be dumped, which can then be decomposed and used as manure. Flooding (Facing) with barbed bush and wire for the protection of the garden plant in which creeper vegetables should be planted. Make small passages for the care and movement of vegetables and plants.
For the vegetables to be transplanted, make a nursery on some side where the saplings can be prepared.
Make small beds for vegetables as required. Make drains for irrigation of beds.
Plant fruit trees in the west direction on one side so that the shadow does not affect the other.
Plant flowers in a pot and keep them on the side of the path. Grow root vegetables on bunds.
Select vegetables according to crop rotation. Select vegetables in such a way that vegetables are available throughout the year.
Minimize the use of insecticides and insecticides, if necessary, do it after harvesting the crop.
What equipments to be used in nutritional garden?
Necessary equipment for gardening The equipment used for the garden is very simple, such as a shovel, a sprayer to spray medicine, a secateur for pruning plants, a wooden thread to support plants, a twine bucket. These are all simple tools which are generally easily available with everyone.