How can you use Industrial Water in Agriculture?
We cant use industrial water in our food & vegetable production it has huge impact on our health. But we can use this water other than food productions. In this article we will see up to what extent we can this water.
Today we are moving towards industrialization. Our villages are now taking the form of medium cities. Increasing population remains a major concern for us. On the other hand, due to industrialization, our resources are becoming victims of many types of pollution. One of the most important of which is water pollution. Water from industries gets polluted due to many reasons. Most of them contain many types of non-elements along with industrial chemicals which can be very dangerous for our body.
The important thing of most of the urban areas of the country is that the water of the rivers after being used in industry is again released into the rivers. Chemicals and non-elements start coming into the water of the rivers, due to which the water of the rivers gets polluted. For example, Yamuna river covers a large area of Delhi. The Yamuna river has almost turned into a dirty drain due to pollution. In such a situation we should not include dirty drains and such contaminated water areas for urban agriculture. Various types of fresh vegetables are being produced on the contaminated and dirty water areas, which are adversely affecting the health of the consumers who use these vegetables in the urban area.
Apart from this, the level of contaminated water is also increasing day by day around other central and small cities, which is being used for fresh vegetable production. However, the outbreak of bacteria and other viruses in vegetables depends on whether the water used for irrigation is grade A which is water remaining after bathing and washing clothes grade B. – Black water which includes human excreta or Grade C – is waste water from factories. Many chemicals and heavy elements are present in the water coming out of factories, which is a great threat to human life. Some heavy elements like copper, selenium, zinc etc. are beneficial for human health in small amounts, but when their quantity increases more than the prescribed amount in the human body, then they act as poison.
Such kind kind of waste water contains the highest amount of lead, cadmium, copper, chromium, selenium and mercury is found in sewage water and some crops like green leafy vegetables, root vegetables and cabbage class vegetables absorb them very quickly from the soil. And the quantity of these heavy elements in these increases manifold from the prescribed limit, due to which there is a deep effect on the human brain, skin, kidney etc.
Lots of research has beeb done in various institutions in the country and abroad, we have come to the conclusion to a great extent that our farmers who grow vegetables in such areas should not use polluted water. Apart from this what will be the appropriate and attractive alternatives to them, so that it does not adversely affect the income and livelihood of such farmers.
By not growing fresh vegetables from dirty drains, farmers can do the following farming in its place, which will not have any adverse effect on our health and more benefits can also be obtained from it.
- Production of vegetable and flower seeds
- Preparation of ornamental flower plants.
Option 1: Floriculture
Flowers do not have a direct effect on our health because we do not use flowers to eat like vegetables. Today, keeping in mind the increasing demand for flowers in the markets available in big cities, we should move towards large scale flower production. Flowers can be produced in dirty drains; it does not have any adverse effect on the flowers. Fresh flowers are very delicate, which is why it is very difficult to keep them in their proper condition for a long time after plucking.
Therefore, it is very difficult and costly to produce them in remote areas and reach them in cities. Whereas sewer drains are close to most of the cities, flowers should be grown on such land except vegetable production, so that flowers can be easily sold in the markets available in those cities. Flowers can be grown in such areas as per the market demand.
Such as weddings, festivals (Deepawali, Christmas, New Year etc.) and nowadays due to the increasing influence of western culture in our society, the demand for flowers in the market is increasing continuously. The prices of flowers increase on many festivals. Marigold flower is constantly in high demand in the form of garlands in temples. If farmers look at the occasional part of flowers in the market and produce them, then they can earn more profit.
Farmers can also produce seeds of flowers, which may be mainly marigold. Farmers can earn more profit by producing cut flowers mainly like tuberose, chrysanthemum, gladiolus etc. in such areas and selling them in the markets available in nearby cities.
Option-2: Vegetable Seed Production
If farmers produce vegetable seeds in place of vegetables in such places, then it will not have any adverse effect on public health and at the same time can earn more profit by seed production as compared to fresh vegetable production.
But for this they need to have technical knowledge about which vegetables, when and how to produce seeds. But there is a huge potential for vegetable seed production in such areas, which farmers can definitely adopt.
Option-3 Plant production of ornamental plants and flowers
Vegetable growing farmers in such areas can make more profit by preparing saplings of ornamental plants, bougainvillea, hedge and flowering plants and one-year flowers and easily selling them in big cities, except vegetable production.
Today in big cities the demand for these types of plants and flowers is increasing day by day. Therefore, their production can be a third option for vegetable production in such areas. The use of some new techniques and materials in planting seedlings will yield better yields, such as use of pro-tres nets etc.
Employment generation through protected farming
Agriculture plays an important role in the economy of India. More than 60% of the people of the country are mainly dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. Thus agriculture is our biggest source of employment and livelihood. Agriculture contributes only 14.7 percent to the GDP. The production of fruits, flowers, and vegetables grown with safe farming techniques and other agricultural works can be accomplished in a scientific way.
It has immense potential for employment generation for educated youth and girls. Large dimensions are being established in the field of employment through various forms of protected farming through technology.
Under protected farming, many techniques like soil and water quality cum input testing laboratory, disease and pest monitoring, maintenance of small irrigation system (including sprinkler and drip) equipment and other equipment, agricultural service center, seed processing unit, establishment of vermi culture units Production of bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides and biocontrol measures, establishment of information technology kiosks (shops/offices) in rural areas to establish access to various portals related to safe farming, establishment of value addition centers.
Establishment of retail trading centers for processed fruit, flower and vegetable products, rural marketing vendors for the business of input and issue of fruits, flowers and vegetables, establishment of industrial units of vegetable products processing, research institutes of fruits, flowers and vegetables and Adoption of agro-technology based start-ups is helping farmers and associated youth and girls to increase their income and efficiency.
Keeping in view the demand of consumers of big cities, the time has come to produce high quality vegetables in urban areas, for which protected agriculture is an effective and attractive option. Farmers in these areas through protected farming, whose farmers can grow high quality vegetables over a longer period of time and off-season cultivation of vegetables, flowers and fruits such as strawberries, can make more profit from the high markets available in the big cities.