Earn Rs. 10.5 Lakh per Ha with Papaya Farming
If you do farming and you are not getting profit then it is time for you to change in traditional agriculture. You have to choose a crop that is always in demand in the market with high yield and less input cost. In this order you can choose Papaya.
Whether Papaya raw or ripe Papaya always in demand in the market. On the basis of its nutritional properties it will be always in demand.
You should get detailed information about any crop you are choosing. Through this article, we will try to let you know the important things like income and cost in mother Papaya in simple language.
The botanical name of Papaya is Karika Papaya tree. , It is an important member of the Caricaceae family. Papaya is a very nutritious and beneficial fruit.
This is a very fast growing tree. Papaya starts giving fruit within a year and is very good among early ripening fruits. It is a good source of Vitamin ‘A’ and Vitamin ‘C’. It is mainly used in two stages. It is green in raw state and turns yellow when ripe.
Milk is also extracted from raw fruits, from which papain is prepared And it is widely used industrial and cosmetics sector. Its successfully horticultured in India Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu and chhatisgarh.
Papaya cultivation is becoming very popular among the farmers of India. With accurate knowledge and guidance, farmers can get an income of up to 10.5 lakh of rupees by growing Papaya in one acre area.
Papaya can be grown in most of the states depending on the geographical conditions of India. In the present article the activities related to Papaya cultivation have been described point by point.
Suitable Manure and fertilizer :
To meet the nutrient deficiency in Papaya cultivation, 250 grams of nitrogen, 150 grams of phosphorus and 250 grams of potash should be given per plant per year. Half the amount of phosphorus and potash should be given in 2 times.
To get good yield, apply 20-25 kg per plant per year. Decomposed manure of cow dung, one kg. Bonemeal (Phosphorus) and 1 kg Neem cake is required. This quantity of manure is applied in equal proportion in a year. Neem or karanja cke require to protect it from several fungal and bacterial disease.
It should be given thrice in March-April, July-August and October.
Soil and Climate For the cultivation of Papaya – it is necessary to have a minimum temperature of 5 degrees Celsius and a maximum of 38 to 44 degrees Celsius. For its cultivation, light loamy or loamy soil, fertile, rich in organic matter and well drained soil with pH value of 6.5 to 7.5 is considered best.
Varieties and production –
By selecting many indigenous and exotic hybrid varieties of Papaya, good yields can be obtained from Papaya cultivation. The details of its main varieties are given in the table.
|Yield (Kg/ Plant)
|Red lady 786
Sowing method of PAPAYA in your garden:
The time of sowing Papaya seeds from July to September and February to March. Seeds should be taken from good quality and healthy fruits. A new seed should be sown every time the new variety is of a hybrid species. Seed beds, wooden boxes, earthen pots And can be sown in polythene bags.
The beds should be treated with 1:40 solution of formalin to protect the plant from post thawing disease. For maximum yield you can grow your seedling with soilless medium By this method you will get less mortality nad maximum % of germination from seed.
Planting distance of seeds:
If we keep the plant to plant and row to row distance of Papaya 2 x 2 m, then 2500 plants will be planted in one hectare.
Here we want to discuss some important disease for the safety purpose so can take proper measures.
Stem and root rot disease
The roots of the plants affected by this disease start rotting, the leaves dry up, the upper skin of the stem turns yellow and the plant dies. The main reason for this disease is the stagnation of water for a long time. For its prevention, spraying of one percent Bordeaux mixture or copper oxychloride dissolved in 2 grams per liter of water should be done on the plants.
Diseases are mainly spread by insects in Papaya. The diseases involved are the following:
Small Papaya plants wilt from below and die in the nursery itself. To avoid this, before sowing seeds, Ceresan Agrosan Gn. Seeds and seedbeds should be treated with 2.5% formaldehyde solution.
In this disease, the leaves become yellow in color and the stalk becomes small and shrinks in size. For this 250 ml. Malathion 50 BC Dissolving in 250 liters of water and spraying is very beneficial. Irrigation and weed control
Lack of water has a very bad effect on the production of Papaya. In Papaya also irrigation should be done at an interval of 6-7 days in summer and 10-12 days in winter.
All the weeds grow in the Papaya garden. This adversely affects the growth and production of plants. To avoid weeds, weeding should be done as per the need.
For better yield and good quality products you need to irrigate and fertigate with Drip Irrigation medium. To know about more Drip details and fertigation you need to go with following link.
Papaya farming income
|Economics of Papaya cultivation under Micro Irrigation (1 Ha)
|Primary tillage operations
|Tractor / Rotavator
|Seed & seedling preparations
|Seed + Vermi Compost + cocopit + Plastic Bag
|FYM / Compost
|DAP + Urea + Potash
|Insecticides, Pesticides & Spraying
|Irrigation & Electricity 1st year
|Total Variable cost
|Investment on MIS
|Interest on MIS value @ 18%
|Depreciation @ 10%
|Maintenance @ 5%
|Total Fixed Cost
|Total Cost (A+B)
|Note: This is a tentative rate considered.
|It can be 2nd and 3rd year yield with less expenditures.
Towards Papaya cultivation in the last few years in terms of earning Farmers are on the rise. In the recent times it has become easier than ever to earn from Papaya due to hybrid varieties in the market.
If Papaya is cultivated in a scientific way and with the use of improved varieties, 40-50 kg per plant is given. yield is obtained.
2500 X 50 125,000 kg/ha = If the normal wholesale rate is Rs.10 kg. if you stay
1,25,000 x 10 in a hectare
The total expenditure in this is on an average in one hectare.
1.5-2.0 lakhs is the maximum. Net income for planting saplings at a distance of 2 x 2 meters 12,50.000-2,00,000 Rs.10,50,000
If there is any other problem or if the price is less, we still have to10,50,000, which no traditional crop can give.
Intercropping with PAPAYA Farming:
Along with the cultivation of Papaya, we can also produce some small size plants and vegetables in the empty space below it. Like Onion, Fenugreek, Spinach, Coriander etc. This will prove to be effective for the farmer in increasing his income as a bonus.
So here we have explained you Papaya farming methods for beginners and regular cultivars. You can got it more more yield with other improved varities like Taiwan 786 or Red lady verities. To protect this from Nematodes & other viral disease prepare your garden with proper nutrient management.