Important nutrients for the plant
Just as every human being needs food to live life similarly plants also need good nutrients for good growth and development. Plants cannot survive successfully without proper food & nutrients.
For your information let us tell you that 16 nutrients are required in plant food plants get these nutrients through air, water, fertilizer, land and other supplements. Some elements are required in large quantity and some elements are required in very less quantity. There is no need to supply major micro elements but their deficiency in the soil has a very profound effect on the compliance of crops.
Out of the 16 nutrients required for plant food, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and air and water come from land water air and supplement fertilizers. And 13 elements can be divided into three parts according to the requirement of the plant
First important element
The most important nutrients are nitrogen, phosphorus and potash.
Secondary elements include calcium, magnesium and sulfur.
Apart from this there are some micronutrients such as iron zinc manganese check copper chlorine and molybdenum. All nutrients are equally essential for the growth and development of plants. All their nutrients have to do some special work inside the plant, nitrogen phosphorus and potash elements are supplied directly by the farming community to the crops through fertilizers because the plants need them more in the form of their food.
But in the present time, most of the secondary elements and micronutrients are showing deficiency in the soil, which is affecting the production of the crop very deeply and the farmer is facing a lot of losses.
The main reason for this decrease is the rapid increase in the use of nutrients available in the land by crops under intensive farming. In many states there has been a significant deficiency of Iron, zinc, sulfur, Manganese, copper, boron & chlorine. in the soil of different areas.
Major Functions of Nutrients and Symptoms of Deficiency
First of all we have seen that every nutrient has to perform some function inside the plants, this function is related to their food and they have the ability to increase the yield. Deficiency of one nutrient cannot be removed by other nutrients. The action and deficiency of a particular element on the branches starts showing symptoms and the function of the essential nutrient for the plants and the deficiency is being explained which is as follows.
The main function of nitrogen in plants is to help in growth and development. It is necessary to increase in growth of the plants. Nitrogen helps plant to provide as a protein supplements also.
Symptoms of Nitrogen Deficiency
Deficiency of Nitrogen in plant growth shows less number of fruit spikes Yellowing of the foreparts of older leaves Loss of leaves Decreased crop quality especially protein deficiency is reflected.
How to solve for Nitrogen deficiency?
To meet the deficiency of Nitrogen, we should use Urea Ammonium Sulphate Calcium Ammonium Nitrate Apk such fertilizer in such complex which is available.
The main function of phosphorus in plants
Phosphorus is mainly necessary for the growth of roots in plants. It also helps in cell development for plant growth for more flowering for healthy seeds for early ripening of crops, then for protection from palms.
Symptoms of Phosphorus Deficiency
Due to the lack of phosphorus in plants the group of joints is reduced the color of the stems and branches become purple and it also helps frost weather also.
Use of Fertilizer: Single Super Phosphate of NPK or Di ammonium Phosphate can be used at the time of sowing to protect phosphorus from deficiency.
Major Functions of Potash Elements
The main function of potash is to improve the quality of crops to protect from frost protect the crop from falling and to strengthen its subsidiary branches.
Symptoms of Phosphorus Deficiency are mainly shows sharp spots of old leaves weakness in the stem occurs at a very low rate.
These deficiencies can be overcome at the time of sowing or by applying NPK to meet the potash deficiency.
Function of sulfur in plants
Sulphur is a very important nutrient for plants many symptoms are visible in today’s time mainly in plants and essential gland for stalks and formation of amino acids and helpful in the formation of oil. It is necessary for oilseeds or in a special way.
Its new leaves become light greenish yellow and become so long and thin and the leaves become hard this is the main symptom of deficiency
Such deficiency can be filled by the use of gypsum, ammonium sulphate, pyrite etc.
Functions of Calcium in Plants
The main functions of calcium is in formation of food for development of organism present in the soil as well as plant that will be necessary for the plant and it is required for the development of the supporting stages in the supply of water and the structure.
Symptoms of calcium deficiency
The leaves with shriveled paired and withered from the edge appear and undeveloped hair loss can also be the main cause of calcium.
Calcium deficiency can also be fulfilled by calcium phosphate or by gypsum.
In the main function of Magnesium it is necessary for the green color of the plants and helps in the growth of the production of fruits.
Deficiency symptoms Loss of green color of leaves causing yellowing and weakness in the foreground of the plant.
Such Kid of issues can be eliminated by uses of Magnesium sulphate dolomite and salpoman.
The main function of Boron is to control the growth and calcium ratio in the formation of new organs of the plant and the to smoother complex chemical processes and cell division of the plant. Boron reduces the masses (Knots) in the root.
Symptoms of Boron deficiency
Thick and brittle leaves new leaf weak from beginning and seeds and fruits are not fully formed, the tips of the plants may burst, stalks and fruits may burst. In the crops growing stages these are few symptoms of deficiency of boron.
Borax is efficient and workable to make up for this type of deficiency.
The main function of iron is necessary for biochemical reactions in plants it is helpful in chlorophyll sucrose and photosynthesis.
Iron deficiency causes yellowing of the young leaves.
This deficiency can be overcome by using a mixture of Ferrous Sulphate and slaked lime. (This can be different ratios and recommended as per field requirement).
The main function of Zinc is helpful in the complex processes of plants and the use of nitrogen phosphorus which is needed for protein formation. Zinc directly or indirectly effect in the speed of crop ripening in seed production.
Plants whose growth is affected after light yellow spots on the leaves turn brown they come especially in paddy, Khaira disease is caused due to deficiency of this elements in which the leaves turn dark brown and dries up.
Zinc sulphate can be used by mixing with slaked lime to meet the deficiency of zinc.
Manganese main function is to help in the formation of chlorophyll in plants and it is helpful in new leaves formation.
The end buds of manganese plants turn yellow and become dark in color.
This deficiency can be met by spraying them by mixing manganese sulphate and lime in recommended proportions proportion.
The main function of copper is to maintain the respiratory function in plants and help in the use of iron.
Deficiency of copper looks leaves that are born later usually dry out without blooming, read yellow and their color becomes gray and faded.
By mixing copper sulphate with slaked lime and using it in the field by recommended dose this deficiency can be met.
Its main function is to help in the process of oxidation, fix nitrogen in pulses crops and to help in nitrogen fixation by using the organism available in the plant roots.
Yellowish disease in wheat the absence of hair and non-formation of grain the deity of the crop and the shrinking of the demon are due to the deficiency of this element.
This deficiency can be cure by sprinkling of ammonium molybdate in the soil at the rate recommended dose.
The main function of chlorine is to aid in the development of plants.
It does not cause any specific disease in most of the farms it is already available so there is no need to give it in the form of any supplement.
There are lots of symptom for the deficiency of macro as well mcro nutrients in the plant. It is not possible to include all the things in one article. Here we have tried to add few glimpse of deficecies in plant. Further we will publish individual related articles.