Method and timing of fertilizer application in vegetables
Cowpea is a good crop of our country and it can be used in many ways. Cowpea is a leguminous plant with slender, elongated beans. These beans are used as vegetables in their raw state. These beans of cowpea are also known as boda chaula or chaura beans. Cowpea is an annual crop grown throughout India for its green pods, dry seed, green manure and fodder. Cowpea is a pulse crop.
Nitrogen-fixing bacteria found in the atmosphere are found in the knots of its roots so there is no need to give much Nitrogen to cowpea. Nevertheless the supply of Nitrogen is very necessary for the initial growth of plants. In irrigated condition half the amount of manure and fertilizers should be used. It is especially suitable to use fertilizers at a depth of 5-6 cm next to the seedbed.
Beans: Bean vegetable has a special place in the field of vegetables. It is generally seen that farmers do not use manure and fertilizer in the bean crop due to which they get less yield. With the use of proper fertigation maximum yield can be taken. It is recommended to use the following quantities of manure and fertilizers per hectare for bean crop. Bean is a type of creeper whose pods are used for eating. Beans are used as medicine in Ayurveda due to the many nutritional properties in bean pods. Each bean pod contains 4-5 seeds, which are oval.
FYM 15-20 T
Nitrogen 30 Kg
Phosphorus 40 Kg
Potash 50 Kg
Cow dung manure should be applied about one month before sowing. Use half of the Nitrogen and all the Phosphorus and Potash at the time of sowing and use the remaining Nitrogen in the form of top-dropping one month after sowing.
French bean: French bean is known by many names. Such as safbean, dry or field bean, navy bean, garden bean, my robean and in common parlance, farasbean. It is a pulse crop, so Nitrogen is not required much. The bacteria living in the small nodules of the roots draw Nitrogen from the air to meet the needs of the plants.
Determining the proper amount of fertilizers on the basis of soil test is particularly beneficial. Generally 20-40 kg Phosphorus and Potash are used per hectare. In zinc deficient areas 10-15 kg zinc sulphate should be used per hectare area.
Often these types of plants are lacy if cultivated by making scaffolds, then good products and results can be obtained. Their plants spread in the form of vines the beans on its plants are called beans or beans. Which are used as vegetable. Its pods are of different sizes which are found to be yellow, white and green in appearance.
The soft beans of beans are used more as a vegetable. It contains sufficient amount of digestible proteins, vitamins and carbohydrates, which makes it more beneficial in removing malnutrition.
Cucumber Category Vegetables:
It is an important vegetable crop. Gourd, cilantro, petha, zucchini, tinda, bitter gourd and Indian Summer Squash are prominent among the vegetables of this class. All the vegetables of this species are grown twice a year except Indian Summer Squash. For this category of vegetables 15-20 tonnes per hectare of well-rotted manure of cow dung, Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potash are required.
Dung manure should be mixed well at the time of land preparation. Half the amount of Nitrogen should be mixed with the full amount of Phosphorus and Potash. Half of the remaining Nitrogen should be poured into the drains after about 374 weeks and the rest after flowering.
After the preparation of gourd-citron field one basket of dung manure and required quantity of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potash fertilizers should be added to the pits made for sowing seeds. Nitrogen at the rate of per hectare should be mixed in the soil by keeping it in the side 8-10 away from the roots of the plants. Due to this the fruits become large in size.
Cucumber-Cucumber: Cucumber or Cucumber is originally originated from India and it has an important place in creeper vegetables. Its fruits are mainly used for salads. 96.3 percent water, 2.7 percent carbohydrate, 0.4 percent protein, 0.1 percent fat and 0.4 percent minerals are found in 100 grams of edible part of its fruits. Apart from this, abundant amounts of vitamin B are found in it.
Its fruits have a cooling nature and are helpful in relieving constipation. Many types of cosmetics are being made using cucumber juice. Its cultivation is done on priority basis in all areas of the country.
While preparing the field for cucumber-cucumber, 6-7 tons of compost or 15-20 carts of city compost should be mixed well in the soil. After this, Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potash should be used in the required quantity. If there is a deficiency of zinc or other secondary or micronutrient in the soil, then it should be made up. Usually 25 kg. It is especially suitable to use zinc sulphate per hectare. One basket of cow dung, urea and one basket of dry soil is filled in each pit.
Melon – Watermelon: We use it as a fruit. At the time of sowing, crops are made by making pits in the fields or drains in river basins.
It is sown by digging. A thick layer of cow dung is laid at the bottom of the pits or drains. Manure is used at the rate of 25-30 tonnes per hectare. Apart from this, the use of Phosphorus and Potash is necessary as per the recommendation. These amounts of manure and fertilizer are used at the time of sowing and topdressing of Nitrogen is done in the same amount.
If melons and watermelons are sown in sandy loamy soils with light formation, then the amount of manure and fertilizers should be increased for them.
Snake gourd: In addition to three to five carts of decomposed cow dung, 40-60 kg of Nitrogen and 20-30 kg of Phosphorus and the same amount of Potash per hectare should be added to the soil while preparing the fields to get the best yield of Snake gourd.
After 20 to 25 days of sowing, mixture of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potshard fertilizers at the rate of 15-20 grams per bag should be added to the soil while applying. After 20 to 25 days of sowing, apply 15-20 mixture of Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Potashes fertilizers at the rate of 15-20 per plate. It is necessary to give the same quantity 3-4 times at an interval of 15-20 days.
Pointed gourd: To get good yield of pointed gourd or Parwal, apart from 15-20 tonnes of cow dung, 60-80 kg. It is necessary to use Phosphorus and same amount of Potash per hectare. One year old plants should be given 35 grams of urea per plant at an interval of 20 days after the buds burst. Thereafter, 100 gm DAP and 100 gm Murate of Potash should be given to each plant in the month of April-May.